Thursday, March 28, 2013

Section 12 and Records Management

Sometimes I see a request and it looks massive. Often “can I please have all of the documents about x”.
The heart sinks. The answer is likely to be that the cost limits kick in. You send the FOI on to the relevant colleagues and ask them to assess how long it will take to locate, identify and retrieve.  If the cost limits are breached, you tell them that they need to put together a sensible estimate of how long it would take to answer the question in its present form and to describe how the information is held and give name of files, just so the requestor, when s/he comes back with a narrowed request has the best chance to ask something that will result in a release of information.
So, you wait for colleagues to get back to you. And they do (to be fair, they’re usually overstretched and busy doing things like ensuring that vital services are running).
Because you have trained them beautifully, they give you something delightful like:
“There are 12 people in the team. We looked for emails with the following search terms and discovered there are 4,500 emails and documents. We then looked on the shared drive and a search showed that there are 250 documents. As sampling showed that the length averages 20 pages.
We think that it would take a minute per email (some of these contain attachments and some of the email trails are long) to read them and see if they are relevant. That is 4,500 mins.
We think that it would take 5 mins per document. That is 5minsx250docs=1250 mins.
This totals 96 hrs.”
They might even send me a lovely list of file names and dates so that the requestor can narrow that way. It all looks beautiful. I am all set to refuse under section 12.
Then I notice the end of the email that I have been sent:
“We archived a lot of stuff about this project, but we are not sure where the exact files went. We know that they were filed into boxes relating to the directorate that was reorganised about 3 years ago but when we called the archive, there are apparently about 80 box files that we would have to search through. We can’t even estimate how long this would take to go through because we have no idea what’s in them. The only person that knows anything about that directorate is Bob, as everyone else has moved jobs, but Bob says he never worked on this, so doesn’t know. He offered to call Beatrice, whom he is still mates with, and who retired as she might remember something. Please advise.”
There is no way Beatrice is going to be able to tell us anything useful. No one ever remembers where they put stuff. So I am left having to do a reply that points out the inadequacy of our records management, which is bad for us. Worse still, there is simply no way that if the relevant record is in one of those boxes, that anyone will ever be able to request it. S12 will always kick in.
They might as well destroy the records and stop paying the records archive company a fabulous amount of money every year for holding them.
This is not to say that I blame the records managers. I have sat next to one for a year and can see that they work really hard. But there is usually one of them in a vast organisation that will produce an unbelievable amount of paper. And no one listen to them.
So, why am I writing this now? Because with PCTs closing and an NHS reorganisation so big that “you can see it from space” (according to David Nicholson, formerly Chief Exec of the NHS and now Chief Exec of the NHS Commissioning Board), I might just FOI every CCG and CSU and DH and local authority public health team to ask the boxes in all of their archives are labelled and what they are called.
And the catch is that I bet that there is no spreadsheet or comprehensive central log and that my question will also be covered by section 12.  

2 comments:

Anonymous said...

Once a public authority has been 'disbanded' who would you submit the request to? Who now 'holds' that old info under the Act? NHS bodies that cease on April 1st have been asking DofH and ICO this for months with no answers.... Where do the information assets transfer to? Anyone know?

FOI Kid said...

The simple answer is that whoever inherits the records answers the FOI.

In the case of PCTs, the successor organisations that I am aware of are: clinical commissioning groups, commissioning support units, the NHS Commissioning Board, local authorities, Public Health England, NHS Property Services, Health Education England, and for everything else, the Department of Health.

Some of the CCGs do not even have websites yet (although more of these will go live on Tuesday morning).

I am aware that some CSUs do not even realise that they themselves are subject to FOI (DH kept this a bit of a secret and although I had been chasing and chasing for a reply, was only told about 2 mths ago).

The NHS CB is a giant organisation and is responsible for primary care contracting (for example, contracts with GPs and dentists). However, it has been delayed in carrying out basic functions such as setting up a complaints unit so will not be able to take primary care complaints for 3 months - how well it will cope with receiving thousands of files and being able to search them for what is needed it anyone's guess.

Public authorities are better - at least they have a track record of having FOI officers and they are inheriting public health functions. As public health often receive a lot of FOIs, having worked in 6 PCTs, my general judgement is that public health bods know their data. Also, the transition started months ago, so this should be fine.

Public Health England is my favourite. It does not even have a website.On Monday I had to call the DH to get a contact phone number and spoke to a receptionist who did not even know whether they had a website. She put me through to someone to talk to but I had to leave a message. No one got back to me, so no idea whether they are taking FOIs. But they should, in theory.

NHS Property Services Ltd (the 'Ltd' might be crucial) has a website but there is no indication of whether it is subject to FOI. It should be.

Health Education England is taking over the SHA (and in small part, the PCT) roles in education.

And finally, my favourite: DH. DH has just moved its website to the general .gov.uk portal, which means that nothing you thought you could find is there anymore. That aside, DH will inherit miscellaneous, orphan, historical files from all 152 PCTs. Mostly stuff that is not needed or which no one knows what to do with. I bet you this runs to at least 10,000 archive boxes (I will FOI them to find out). They will not have a clue what is in the boxes. And as they are not needed for current operational requirement, what are the chances that someone labelled them meaningfully?

But more than this, there is the interesting question about who inherits liabilities for outstanding FOIs, internal reviews, ICO cases and legal bills. Lansley had made it very clear (Hunt does not really say much) that CCGs etc are not inheriting responsibilities but are a new kind of organisation (although recently, some CCGs have had to take on liabilities left by PCTs).

So, good luck with your request!